ABOUT SAFFRON

Like most of the European spices, Saffron derives from Arabic za'fran "be yellow," The Hindi and Sanskrit names have been derived from the Northen Indian region Kashmir, where old saffron was produced.

Saffron is the most expensive spices in the world, in production countries the prices are much lower, but so is the quality, Saffron's aroma is unique, and there is no substitute for it. Saffron is the center, dried, reddish-brown, flattened stigma of a small crocus of the iris family.

Saffron is cultivated from the Western Mediterranean (Spain) to India (Kashmir), in much smaller scale, saffron is also cultivated areas, Iran is most productive and together with Spain and Iran produces more than 80% of the world's production. The saffron grown in India-Kashmir has a high reputation but is hardly available outside India.

Saffron is more important in Central Asia and Northen India and is used extensively for rich dished. Even the North India biryanis are relished due to the saffron added to it .The use of saffron in sweet like Kheer, ras malai, Indian yogurt drink(lassi), butter lassi (makhaniya lassi ) have an everlasting culinary impression due to the saffron added to it. The use of saffron in sweet dishes is famous in the desert regions of Jodhpur in Rajasthan in the Indian sub-continent.

Saffron is unique among spices due to its aroma. It is water-soluble and when added to the dish, gives a pure and homogeneous color. In high dosage, saffron exhibits toxic qualities, however, due to its high prices saffron poisoning is very rare.

Often called 'The Golden spices,' saffron has a history rooted in antiquity. It has always held an exception place for its extraordinary medicinal and flavoring properties as well as for being a striking yellow dye. indian saffron is cultivated on a large scale in the Jammu & Kashmir valley

Use of Saffron:

  • Saffron is used in baked goods, confectionaries ,curries , liquors, meat dishes,and soup and especially for PAELLA
  • Can be used to treat respiratory infections and disorders such a cough and colds and asthma.
  • Can be used for blood disorders, insomnia, paralysis, heart disease, stomach upsets, chronic , eye therapy.

Saffron Types :

  • ISO: Category I, Category II, Category III, Category IV .
  • Iran: Sargol (1 kg saffron / 105kg Flowers), pushal (1 kg saffron / 101kg Flowers), Nagin and Doste (Bunch 1 kg saffron / 78kg Flowers)
  • Greek: Coupe
  • Kashmir, India: Mogra (coupe 220-240 coloring power), Lacha .
  • Spain : Mancha, siafra, and Rio
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